1. Fall protection, construction
The most common violation is also the number one cause of construction worker deaths. Implementing required guardrails, toe-boards and harnesses would reduce the number of deaths.
2. Hazard communication standards
Workplaces with hazardous chemicals onsite are required to have labels, data sheets and worker training to communicate the hazards of handling chemicals. Failure to do so means hefty fines.
3. Scaffolding, construction
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 72 percent of scaffold accidents were caused by planking or support giving way, slipping, or falling objects. Solutions include ensuring proper scaffolding construction, minding the load bearing properties of the scaffold, and creating barricades for falling objects.
4. Respiratory protection
Respirators are required to protect workers from inhaling dusts, fumes, and other toxins. Though lack of respiratory protection rarely results in death, it is a leading cause of workplace illness. It is also one of the easiest violations to remedy.
5. Control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout)
Serious injuries like amputation, crushing, and electrocution are caused by improper or unheeded lockout/tagout procedures. Prevention includes educating employees on energy control procedures and prohibiting restarts of locked out or tagged out equipment.
6. Powered industrial trucks
Improper operation of forklifts and lift trucks is a hazard to pedestrians and workers alike. Federal laws prohibit operation of these trucks by anyone under 18 or not properly trained and certified. Clearly marking dock edges and preventing employees from standing on lifted pallets are among other safety solutions.
7. Electrical, wiring methods, components and equipment
OSHA issues strict electrical standards to prevent shock, electrocution, fire and explosion hazards. Properly grounded electric equipment personal preventative measures are crucial to workplace safety. Proper labeling and insulation of electric components is required.
8. Ladders, construction
Ladder mishandling and misuse contributed to 8 percent of labor related deaths. Preventative techniques include securing ladder bases and obeying minimum requirements for ladder use.
9. Machines, general requirements
Any part of a machine that may cause injury must be properly safeguarded. When accidental contact with a machine in operation could result in injury, the hazards must be controlled. OSHA maintains information on harmful mechanical motion as part of its emphasis on reducing workplace related amputations.
10. Electrical, general requirements
OSHA regulations detail procedures for proper identification and inspection of circuit breakers, circuits, and power cords. Those procedures also describe how to guard workers from the electrical hazards of exposed live parts.
Mike is a freelance blogger. Click the following link to find an expert work injury attorney in Charlotte.